World Blood Donor Day – Safe Blood for All
World Blood Donor Day – Safe Blood for All
Highlights:

  • World Blood Donor
    Day has been observed on the 14th of June every year since 2005
  • The theme this
    year is ‘Safe Blood For All’
  • Availability of
    blood and blood products and the quality and safety of them remain a
    challenge
  • Rwanda is the
    host country for this year’s World Blood Donor Day Celebrations

The
World Health Organization (WHO) has been observing World Blood Donor
Day every year on the 14th of June, since 2005, aiming to ensure availability
and access to safe and quality blood and blood products. The theme for 2019 ‘Safe Blood For All.’ A global event has been
planned on the 14th June at Kigali, Rwanda, the host country for
this year’s World Blood Donor Day.

Blood Donation – An Overview

Millions
of lives are saved every year by way of transfusion of blood and blood
products. Blood and blood products are critical in the care of the women during
pregnancy and childbirth; severely anemic malnourished children; patients suffering from
blood and bone marrow disorders; those with disorders of hemoglobin and immune
deficiency conditions; for emergencies, accidents and disasters; and patients
undergoing major surgeries.


The need for blood and blood
products is universal. However, the level of access to safe products within and
across countries is still significantly different.
Many
countries face the added challenge of ensuring that quality assured and safe
blood is accessible, alongside making sure adequate quantities of them are
available as well.

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‘World Blood Donor Day is observed every year on 14th June since 2005. The theme for year 2019 is ‘Safe Blood For All,’ which focuses on blood donation & universal access to safe blood transfusion.’
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The day and the theme are also a call to action to
all governments, national health authorities and blood services to set up
systems and infrastructure and sufficient resources to increase collection of
blood from voluntary donors and appropriately oversee the whole chain of blood
transfusion.

Objectives
of the 2019 Campaign

The following are the objectives of this year’s
campaign:

  • To thank and
    celebrate individuals who have donated blood and to encourage others to
    start donating
  • To highlight the
    need for dedicated year-round blood donation, maintaining adequate resources
    and universal access to safe blood transfusion
  • Focussing on
    donor health and donor care in order to encourage regular donations
  • To demonstrate
    the need for universal access to safe blood transfusion and provide
    advocacy to cement its place in achieving universal health coverage
  • To mobilize
    support at all levels from governments and other partners to strengthen
    and sustain national blood programs

What
Can We Do?

All individuals aged between 18 and 65 years,
weighing at least 50 kg, in good health, without any infections are eligible to
donate. Eligibility guidelines are specific to countries and must be understood
well by all willing donors. Individuals must register as donors, donate
regularly and also encourage family and friends to donate.
Ministries of Health should organize events to
celebrate Blood Donor Day, promote voluntary donations and acknowledge the role of voluntary blood donors. Provide adequate
resources and appropriate infrastructure to facilitate voluntary blood
donation. Set up quality assurance systems for blood and blood products. Engage
with media to spread awareness and highlight the need for blood in meeting
patient requirements.

National blood transfusion services should also
engage in disseminating information related to blood donation and its
importance. Organize blood donation drives and awareness programs for people to learn about blood donation. Work in tandem with the
government to manage resources and infrastructure for blood donation and donor
care.

WHO has put together an extensive range of campaign
materials including social media kits. Posters, wallpapers for desktops and
mobile phones and social cards with messages highlighting the theme and
importance of blood donation are available for use. Promotional materials like
mugs, caps, t-shirts, banners, pens and pins have also been designed.

Every few seconds someone, somewhere, needs blood and everyone
one of them should have access to safe blood transfusion when required,
as health is a human right. This is the key message that the WHO is trying to
drive home and it is time we all listened to it and did our bit.

World Blood Donor Day – The Origin

A
unanimous declaration was made by the ministers of health from across the
world, in May 2005 at the Fifty-Eighth World Health Assembly to be committed to
and support voluntary blood donation. The World Blood Donor Day was designated
as an annual event to be held each year on 14th June through the WHA58.13
resolution.

The
resolution also implores the Member States to implement, and support well
organized, appropriately regulated and supervised nationally-coordinated and
sustainable blood programs. The governments of the various states must also
allocate adequate funding to manage high-quality blood donation services to
ensure the availability of safe blood to meet the needs
of patients.

This
was followed by the Melbourne Declaration in 2009 where experts in transfusion
medicine, policy-makers and non-governmental representatives from 40 countries,
set up a goal for all countries to have collected all their blood supplies from
voluntary unpaid donors by 2020.

Safe Blood for All

The theme this year focuses on blood
donation and universal access to safe blood transfusion, as a component of achieving
universal health coverage.
The theme aims to raise awareness
about the universal need for safe blood and the importance of voluntary
donations in achieving UHC. It also encourages people all over the world to
donate blood regularly.

References :

  1. World Blood Donor Day 2019  – (https://www.who.int/campaigns/world-blood-donor-day/2019)

Source: Medindia

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