World Hypertension Day – ‘Know Your Numbers’
World Hypertension Day – ‘Know Your Numbers’

  • World
    Hypertension Day (WHD), observed annually
    across the world on 17th May,
    aims to raise public awareness about this modern epidemic
    silent killer
  • Hypertension is
    the leading risk factor contributing to deaths as a result of
    serious complications like heart attack, stroke and
    kidney failure worldwide
  • More than 10
    million lives are lost due to complications of hypertension each year and
    these deaths can be easily prevented by early diagnosis and appropriate
    treatment including lifestyle changes

World Hypertension Day (WHD) is observed on 17th
May every
year to raise public awareness about this global epidemic and
educate about measures to control the silent killer and prevent its complications.

History of
World Hypertension Day (WHD) & Goals

WHD was initiated by the World
Hypertension League, an affiliate of the International Society of
Hypertension (ISH) comprising
leading scientists, doctors and allied health care workers, sharing the common
interest of hypertension research, prevention and control. The WHD was first established in May 2005 and has
since then become an annual event crusading
for increasing blood pressure awareness and prevention of related deaths.

Every May, volunteers
all over the world participate in events organized by the May Measurement Month (MMM), which was been launched in 2017, helps measure the blood pressure of people living in villages and towns and
counseling them on preventing hypertension and advising persons found to have raised
blood pressure on what to do to keep this under check.

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‘Nearly half the persons suffering from high blood pressure (hypertension) are unaware of it and several lives are lost due to serious complications that could be easily prevented by regular measurements of blood pressure. So, on this World Hypertension Day (WHD) let’s create awareness about this silent killer to all.’
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In the last two years since the launch of MMM, 2.7 million persons have benefited from
this initiative.

What We Can
Do to Raise Awareness About Hypertension

  • Some of the
    things we can do to raise hypertension awareness to
    share educational posters about hypertension
    on social media such as Facebook and Twitter
  • Conduct blood
    pressure measurement camps to identify persons with raised BP and counsel
  • Hospitals and
    clinics should conduct free clinics to check blood pressure to encourage
    more persons to come forward to check their blood pressure
  • Make a personal
    contribution to the WHD campaign
  • Raise money for
    the campaign by selling themed stuff such as T-shirts, bracelets or mugs
    online or organizing events such as marathons, walks or a fun gala event
    and donate the proceeds to the campaign
  • Print and visual
    media should carry prominent advertisements and organize programs where
    experts discuss ways and means to prevent and control this global epidemic
  • Schools and
    educational institutions can organize quiz or essay writing competitions
    to create hypertension awareness among the young
  • Local
    administration must ensure that affordable and accessible treatment of hypertension is made
    available to all irrespective of gender, or socioeconomic status in every
    nook and corner of the community

Tips to Control Hypertension

  • Stop smoking and
    reduce alcohol consumption
  • Reduce salt intake in the
  • Include plenty of
    fresh fruits and vegetables in the diet
  • Avoid oily and
    salty foods especially fast foods high in trans fats and saturated fats
  • Regular exercise
    and maintaining a healthy body weight
  • Check your blood
    sugar and blood cholesterol levels regularly and keep them under control
    as well
  • Take your blood
    pressure medications regularly as prescribed by the doctor
  • Avoid stress and practice relaxation techniques such
    as yoga
    and deep breathing
  • Have regular
    health check-ups to ensure complications are diagnosed early


Hypertension is the leading risk factor for deaths
worldwide. World Hypertension Day (WHD) is an annual event observed worldwide
on the 17th
of May to create public awareness about
raised blood pressure and ways to prevent this silent killer and/or keep it
under control
References :

  1. World Hypertension Day 2019 – (
  2. About World Hypetension Day – (⟨=en)

Source: Medindia

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